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Infection Prevention: 6 Tips To Protect Patients

Let's start by examining the process or chain of infection. 

The Chain of Infection

Both inside and outside of a healthcare setting, there are quite a few pathogens that can cause serious infections and illnesses. Bacteria and viruses propagate themselves by infecting new hosts, creating a “chain of infection.” This chain can be divided up into six links: 

  • The infectious agent that causes the disease, usually a virus or bacterium;
  • Reservoirs in the environment where the pathogen can live, like soil or unsterilized medical equipment;
  • Portals of exit through which the infectious agent leaves the reservoir, like coughing or open wounds;
  • Means of transmission through which one person can pass the infection to another, like inhalation or direct contact;
  • Portals of entry through which the germ enters a new host, like an open wound or the respiratory tract;
  • Susceptible hosts. These can be anyone, but some people are more susceptible. Because nurses spend so much time around sick people, they’re at a higher risk of contracting infections than the general public.

At any one of these six points, you can break the chain and take actions that help prevent the spread of disease. As healthcare professionals, nurses play a vital role in disease prevention.


These six actionable steps can help you and your coworkers keep your patients protected from the pathogens that cause infections and diseases.

Wash Your Hands

It’s common sense, but hand washing is incredibly important. It’s estimated that fewer than half of healthcare workers clean their hands as often as they’re expected to.


Here’s a recap of all the times during your workday that you should really be washing your hands.

  • Before an aseptic procedure. This protects your patient from pathogens you may be unwittingly carrying on your hands.
  • After body fluid exposure risk. After oral care, skin lesion care, or exposure to blood, washing your hands removes pathogens and prevents them from spreading into your surrounding environment.
  • Before touching a patient. In fact, you really need to wash your hands every time you’re about to touch a patient, gloves notwithstanding. You never know what kind of bacteria you might have picked up, and patients who are already sick can be especially susceptible.
  • After touching a patient. After giving a physical examination, helping a patient bathe, or otherwise making contact with them, washing your hands protects both you and the patients you’re going to see later in the day.
  • After touching a patient’s surroundings. Even if you’re not making direct physical contact with the patient themselves, furniture and other objects in their immediate environment could also be a haven for germs.

When it comes to hand washing, you really can’t be too safe. Taking that extra 30 to 60 seconds to wash your hands again could keep you from missing work because of the flu — and could also save the life of an immunocompromised patient.

Make sure that any relatives or visitors to the hospital also wash their hands prior to entering the hospital itself and the direct room or bedside of the patient.

Use Personal Protective Equipment  (PPE) Correctly.

Gloves and other protective equipment only work if they’re used correctly. Naturally, gloves should be worn if you’re performing a sterile procedure, if you’re at risk of bodily fluid exposure, or if you’re caring for a patient during contact precautions.

Wash your hands both before you put the gloves on, and after you remove them. If your gloves are torn or punctured, remove them and wash your hands immediately. Also, make sure your masks and respirators are fitted correctly.

Clinical healthcare uniforms are now being made using innovative fabric technology like Certainty and Certainty Plus.  Antimicrobial and Fluid Barrier + Antimicrobial Protection. Get the protection that you need from your medical workwear. Certainty and Certainty plus are available in leading medical apparel brands like Dickies and Code Happy and are sold exclusively in Australia by Infectious Medical Scrubs - Innovative Medical Uniforms.

Make sure your immunisation is up to date.

Getting a flu shot might seem like overkill–after all, it’s just the flu. But if you’re working in a healthcare setting, the last thing you want to do is spread influenza inadvertently to a patient with a weakened immune system. It’s definitely a good idea to get an annual flu shot.

 Follow The Rules Of Isolation.

Pay attention to isolation precautions, and follow the recommended guidelines. Standard isolation precautions should be used for all patients: washing your hands, safe injection techniques, and safe handling of potentially contaminated surfaces and objects. Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette are also important for nurses.

 Follow Safe Injection Practices.

One needle. One syringe. One patient. Between 1998 and 2009, there were 51 outbreaks of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in US hospitals, outpatient clinics, and other healthcare facilities. This exposed over 75,000 people to these dangerous pathogens, and nearly all of these incidents happened because healthcare workers failed to follow basic injection safety guidelines.

 Keep Your Patients’ Rooms And Equipment Clean.

Catheters, open wounds, and surgical sites are a method of entry for potentially dangerous germs. For these patients, a dirty bedrail could turn into a catastrophe. Thorough cleaning is incredibly important. Many common infections that patients acquire in hospitals, like C. differens, are very difficult to kill.

 Keeping Yourself and Your Patients Safe

It’s a well-known fact that hospital patients are at risk of picking up secondary infections. MRSA, C. differens, and many other dangerous or deadly pathogens could be lurking almost anywhere. By taking the right precautions, and by following recommended guidelines and procedures very carefully, you and your fellow nurses can help keep your patients safe.

Amazing Certainty Plus Fluid Barrier technology in Action.

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Dickies Medical Apparel Logo with Dickies Xtreme Stretch logo

Nursing, Medical and Hospital Scrubs Australia. Shop Online for Corporate Medical Uniforms, Doctors Scrubs with Everyday Flat Rate Shipping only $12.95

New WonderWink HP - High Performance Scrubs Collection


Innovative Double Layer Fabric Technology


The 6212 "Neo" Boat Neck scrub top is the latest offering from WonderWink HP scrubs collection. The HP stands for High Performance and you can really feel the quality as soon as you touch the fabric. This Women's scrub top features a stylish and unique neckline and along with the contrasting coloured panels makes this top very fashionable. This high-quality Women's scrub top can be worn with either same colour pants or black equally well so you can mix up the look of your medical workwear.

Double-layer fabric technology gives WonderWink HP the edge over similarly priced garments. The unique double-layer has a pocket of air between the layers which means the fabric won't stick to your skin and provides a cool comfortable feel. The super stretchy fabric also means you can move unrestricted throughout your workday no matter what task you are presented with. So be cool, comfortable and unrestricted in fabulous high-quality High-Performance medical scrub uniforms. WonderWink doesn't just make affordable quality medical workwear they are fast becoming a leading manufacturer of scrub uniforms and lab coats. Buy WonderWink scrubs in Australia from Infectious Medical via our convenient online scrubs shop.

Feminine and flattering, this charming v-neck top from High Performance by WonderWink will lend wonderful flair and fashion style to your medical workwear.  Beautifully crafted with innovative double-layer fabric for a cooling effect and soil release for easy care. Style lines add a slimming effect on this stylish women's medical top while back vents provide ease of fit over the matching scrub pants. Two large, top-loading pockets carry all your essentials while a hidden zipper pocket keeps smaller items secure. Crafted In polyester and spandex, this wonderful scrub top is ready to take on anything that comes your way. See why WonderWink HP scrubs are the high-performance scrubs for health professionals uniforms all over Australia. See how stylish the Women's boat neck top looks below.

Orange and Khaki Scrubs now available online

We know you have been watching Orange is the new black (OITNB) on Netflix and for fancy dress or Halloween, everyone wants to dress up as their favourite character in either Orange or Khaki scrubs. Infectious can get you into some real orange or khaki medical scrubs.  We have just added orange and khaki coloured scrubs to Dickies 86706 Everyday Scrubs V-Neck top. Just select either orange (pumpkin) or khaki from the colour drop-downs at the product page to purchase. Don't buy imitation scrubs or costume scrubs - buy the real deal Orange scrubs from Dickies Medical Apparel. World-class medical apparel for healthcare professionals.

New Women's Print Designer Scrubs

Infectious has a new printed scrub top style from WonderWink called "Tell Tales."  This fun and colourful Women's print features animated giraffe's and zebra's playing in a forest. The main colour of this printed design is ceil blue so matching scrub pants could be ceil blue or would look good with black pants as well. Scrubs featuring fun and colourful printed designs are great for healthcare professionals working with children or even vets and dentists.

New Christmas printed scrub top

Infectious has just added a new Christmas print to our Christmas scrubs collection. The Women's V-Neck top is from Dickies Medical and the print is called Wonderous Wonderland. This wonderful quality print features animated images of animals like reindeer, foxes and raccoons doing fun things in the snow. This Xmas print should be on every healthcare professionals Christmas shopping list. Infectious Clothing Company is Australia's only authorized reseller of Dickies Medical Apparel. When you buy Dickies you know that you are purchasing a top-quality medical uniform that is capable of going the distance. Dickies medical workwear is great value for money as you know you won't have to replace them as often as inferior quality medical uniforms.

Take a fresh approach to medical uniforms and think prints! Prints are fun, colourful and change the atmosphere of the workplace. Printed scrubs by world-leading medical apparel brands available exclusively in Australia from Infectious Clothing Company - shop online uniform megastore.

Christmas scrubs are perfect for nurses - Christmas themed nurses uniforms by Dickies  - Infectious Medical - Australia's most trusted supplier of professional quality medical uniforms for healthcare professionals. When quality, comfort and style matter choose Dickies, Code Happy and WonderWink scrubs from Infectious Clothing Company - scrubs superstore.  Buy scrubs online today or visit us in person at our location on the Sunshine Coast. The Sunshine Coast's local supplier of medical uniforms, medical & nursing workwear.

136 Whites Road
QLD 4556

Liverpool Hospital Resident Medical Officers have just received a shipment of their latest order of 150 sets of Hunter Green Dickies EDS scrubs. The junior doctors look great in their new scrubs - 

"All of the JMOs feel that our scrubs are the best design & quality they've seen !"

 Laura Noble 

LMOA Intern Representative

Junior Medical Officer | Liverpool Hospital

Sydney Australia


Dickies Medical Apparel Logo with Dickies Xtreme Stretch logo

Nursing, Medical and Hospital Scrubs Australia. Shop Online for Corporate Medical Uniforms, Doctors Scrubs with Everyday Flat Rate Shipping only $12.95